A Study on the History and Development of the Javanese Mosque - Part 2: The Historical Setting and Role of the Javanese Mosque under the Sultanates*
Bambang Setia Budi
Doctoral Candidate, Department of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Toyohashi University of Technology, Japan
This paper aims at discussing the historical setting and role of the Javanese Mosques under the Sultanates. The discussion will focus on where the mosques were built and what was the main purpose of mosques constructed under each Javanese Sultanate until the end of nineteenth century. Under Sultanates, many mosques were founded by wali (saint), sultan, sultan’s family, or kyai (Islamic/religious teacher) ordered by the sultan. Referring to this kind of mosque, 71 surveyed mosques will be analyzed by historical setting and roles of the mosque as there are some varieties in each sultanate. Based on this analysis, this paper argues that there are four types of mosques: Agung (Grand) Mosque, Langgar Kraton (Palace) Mosque, Community Mosque, and Isolated Mosque. It also argues that the historical setting of mosque always has a close relationship with its roles in each sultanate.
Keywords: Historical setting; Main role, Javanese mosque; Islam; Sultanate
*This paper was published in the Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering (JAABE), Vol.4. No.1, May 2005.
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PS. untuk mbak Indri, maaf belum menjawab pertanyaannya. InsyaAllah bentar lagi ya "smile".